Non-metallic materials required for shipbuilding

If you are going to design a boat, you need to know what materials you will need for the structure. The article below will familiarise you with this. And expert help with design and shipbuilding can be found here https://www.zalivdesign.com/.

Insulation materials

They are used in shipbuilding for thermal, fire and noise insulation. These materials include: expansit (in the form of boards pressed from ground bark of cork oak or velvet tree), cork grit (crumb), wood-fibre and peat insulation boards, vermiculite fireproof insulation, foam glass, glass wool, aluminium foil, corrugated vinyl plastic boards and many other materials. Apart from the basic thermal insulation requirements, there are also requirements to be non-combustible and resistant to moisture, for which the insulation is covered with a filler and painted. In order to protect insulation against mechanical damage and provide shipboard accommodation and service spaces with modern esthetic requirements, insulation places are covered with flashing which is fastened to sheathing boards (wooden battens or metal strips).

Paint materials

They are used for coating of ship surfaces. Coatings are commonly subdivided into anticorrosive, decorative and antifouling. Oil, resin and silicate paints, lacquers and synthetic paints are used for coating. Special chemical paints are used for coating of underwater surface of the hull.

Concrete

Concretes are used in ship hull construction, ship-repair, and for damage control in case of hull failure. For this purpose, various cements are used.

Concrete is produced from cement, fresh water and aggregates (sand, crushed stone and gravel) with various additives. Reinforced concrete is a monolith made of concrete with reinforcement made of hot-rolled steel bars.

Materials are used to cover decks which protect them from wear and corrosion, increase resistance to impact, and create a non-slip surface. Wood, cement and concrete, xylolite, magnesia mastic, ceramic tiles, various mastics, asphalt, marble, plastics, rubber, sailcloth, paint, metal sheets, asboslate, asboebonite, glass and other materials are used for this purpose.